We do sort of have “grammar” in our brain, but Chomsky wasn’t more right or wrong before Ding’s paper.

In a recent paper, Nia Ding and colleagues in David Poeppel’s lab, made a big discovery: When understanding language, our brains are sensitive to the abstract hierarchical structure that governs it.

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What we expect makes our visual system go PING!

What we expect to see, and what our brain predicts changes how our visual system reacts even when no visual information is present.

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